How to Have an Effective Reading Group

Writing leads to reading. Therefore, it’s only fair to supply my readers with sufficient information on creating an effective reading group, since the last article was based on writing groups.

You’ll notice that some of the information is quite repetitive from the “How to Have an Effective Writing Group” article simply for the fact that when you work with peer groups, there are similarities in the guidelines to which we must adhere to make the group truly successful.

Moreover, if Oprah could have a book club, so can you, right? It may not be as glamorous as hers, but let’s pretend it is. And, with that mindset, we’ll only have success, success, success! But the catch is to not only have a reading group, but to have an EFFECTIVE reading group.

Allow this to be a guide to reinforce your already-found knowledge and love for literature. And, more importantly, let this assist you in finding some fellow readers.

Number of Members Limited. I’ve found that if you purchase a hallmark card, (or if you’re computer savvy create a card on your computer) and cordially invite members. Give potential members a deadline to RSVP their spot in this “exclusive” reading group. If potential members feel that this will be professional, beneficial, and exclusive they will probably join.

A common trend is to maintain limited membership, and have a back-up list of potential recruits. Make a verbal agreement amongst yourselves that members must attend x-amount of group meetings or the member will be asked to resign their position with the group. Sounds harsh? Nah, don’t think of it like that–view it as a professional group and each member must carry his own weight.

Meetings. Meetings must revolve around the members’ schedules. As such, give members about a month to read the text and develop an analysis of it. The last weekend (perhaps a Sunday? Saturday?) could be ideal. Don’t let these meetings drag into the late hours of the night. Set aside an hour or two, during a brunch, and allow someone to be the time-keeper, making sure your group doesn’t go overboard with the discussion. Why should there be limits? If members see that these sessions are lasting longer than they anticipated, there is sure to be obvious conflict and many members will decide to leave the group. Allow members to know up-front (when they accept the invitation to join) that the sessions will last no more than x-amount of hours.

Genre. Perhaps your group would like to simply explore fiction written by and/or about Black or Japanese authors. If this is the case–make that known from the beginning when the group is organized and members are invited to join it. Some topics of interest members could appreciate include: Religion, Regional, Multicultural, Juvenile, Feminism, Gay/Lesbian, Adventure, Fantasy just to name a few. Of course, these categories can get more specific. It is a definite must, though, to ensure fresh material within these categories.

Length. You don’t want to read “Gone with the Wind.” Just the thought, alone, makes it a formidable task! Keep work schedules and personal lives in consideration when thinking of the text’s length. As a reference, works by Virginia Woolf, Joyce Carol Oates, Jean Rhys, and Toni Morrison are generally excellent material for book clubs.

The Critique. Ah, we mustn’t forget about the important part–the critique. When critiquing text, encourage members to discuss all aspects of the book such as: the time it was written, the author’s biographical information, any sociopolitical undertones, and the list goes on. Allow each member about 7-10 minutes to discuss the text, with no interruptions. Upon completion of the individual critiques, allow members to discuss (as a group) how their interpretations differ and why they agree and/or disagree with other members.

The Discussion. During the discussion, encourage members to be active participants. Or else, what’s the point of being in this reading group, right? What were some of the good things in the text? Was it the plot? Was it the development of characters? Or, perhaps it was the symbolism? What were some of the negative aspects of the text? Perhaps the climax didn’t reach the peak you expected. Has anyone in the group read any of the author’s earlier work? If so, allow them to discuss how this compares to the previous text. Questions posed during the discussion can be unlimited. But, so this doesn’t drag on for hours and hours, set a time limit for the discussion. Once again, most of the members probably have hectic lives beyond this social group. If you play your cards right and with some advance planning, it’s possible to find a local author to attend your meeting and read portions of their text the same month you discuss their works.

If members can’t keep up with reading that much work each month, then find shorter text. Above all, reading groups should be a relaxed environment–away from your significant other, your children, and your job. Let this be a time where you hone your reading and analytical skills with the assistance of others who simply seek the same thing.


Construction – Educational Training and Career Options

Construction is a complicated field that requires the knowledge of specialized professionals to make the industry run. The educational training and career opportunities involving construction can have students studying areas like plumbing and power distribution. Careers are available to students that complete programs that are provided by vocational construction schools and colleges.

Training in any area of the construction industry requires a high-level of hands-on training and technical skills. The work completed inside programs covers professional work in depth to prepare students to enter careers in as little as two years. Depending on the career goals of student’s education may take less time than that. The training options consist of completing a certificate or associate’s degree program. Possible training areas include:

  • Carpentry
  • Heavy Equipment Operation
  • Electrician and Energy Trades
  • Home Inspection

Students learn about several career-specific areas by attending courses in computer aided drafting, masonry, electrical theory, and blueprint reading. Choosing programs should be based on whether or not they provide the knowledge needed to enter careers.

Programs focus almost exclusively on the technical skills required for careers. For example, training inside carpentry programs teaches students the building codes and typical layouts for a variety of home and business settings. Construction drawings and safety plans are discussed in theory courses that prepare students for fieldwork experience. Many programs at both the levels of training give students the opportunity to work with companies and gain practical training. This is typically referred to as internships and most educational programs incorporate courses like this into their training. Students complete training understanding how to use the industry’s hand tools and materials to construct homes and perform repairs.

Another possible training and career choice is plumbing. Educational training explores the best practices used to install and fix plumbing systems that align with industry standard regulations and laws. Programs focus on these procedures and prepare students to understand the different areas that contribute to professional work. These often include maintaining the cooling, heating, and ventilation systems that are used to transport water and other liquids. Water pump use, blueprint reading, propane gas, residential plumbing, and piping are some common course areas explored in depth. Students can enter several careers related to this type of education. Career possibilities consist of becoming an HVAC technician, plumber, pipelayer, or pipefitter.

Students can also enter programs in construction that focus on heavy equipment operation, home inspection, masonry, and more. Every program possibility develops experienced professionals that can step confidently into careers. Electrician and energy trade programs, for example, are concerned with the proper installation and maintenance of electrical systems. This includes industrial, residential, and commercial buildings. Students that complete training need to be aware of any certification requirements involving their area of expertise. Students that obtain certification improve their chances of obtaining careers inside this competitive field.

Students should begin accredited construction training that is approved by the American Council for Construction Education ( http://www.acce-hq.org/ ) and other accrediting agencies and enter the careers of their choice. Quality training opportunities are available at multiple colleges throughout the country and all of them train students to become successful professionals.

DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.

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